Bed bugs are small, oval, brownish insects that feed on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bed bugs have a flat body the size of an apple seed. However, after feeding, their body swells and is reddish in color. Bed bugs cannot fly, but they can move quickly across floors, walls and ceilings.
A female bed bug can lay hundreds of eggs during her lifetime, each about the size of a speck of dust. Immature bed bugs, called nymphs, moult five times before they are fully grown and require a blood meal before each moult. Under favorable conditions, bed bugs can fully develop in less than a month and produce three or more generations per year. Bed bugs can enter your home unnoticed through luggage, clothing, used beds and sofas and other items.
With their flattened bodies, they fit into tiny spaces about as wide as a bank card. Bed bugs do not have nests like ants or bees, but usually live in groups in hiding places. Their initial hiding places are usually in mattresses, box springs, bed frames and headboards where they have easy access to bite people during the night. Since bed bugs feed exclusively on blood, their presence in your home is not a sign of contamination.
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They are just as common in spotless homes and hotel rooms as they are in dirty rooms. If your mattress is infested, you should get rid of it and get a new one. However, make sure to rid the rest of your home of bed bugs as well, or they will infest your new mattress. While cleaning the infested areas is helpful in controlling bed bugs, getting rid of them usually requires chemical treatments. Treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, so it’s important to use products that are safe to use in bedrooms.
Only treat mattresses and bedding if the label specifically states that they can be used on bedding. Bed bugs are most easily recognized by small reddish-brown faecal stains on mattresses, upholstery or walls. If these spots are found, this may indicate an infestation. Bites on the arms and legs are also a telltale sign of bed bugs.
These bites may be small, but if they swell and itch, they are noticeable. It can take two to three days for these bites to appear, allowing the infestation to grow. However, bites alone do not indicate an infestation if there are no other signs of bed bugs. Bed bugs are small, reddish-brown, parasitic insects that bite the skin of sleeping people and animals to feed on their blood.
Although bed bugs are not known to spread disease, they can cause other public health and economic problems. Bed bugs are smaller than an eraser, measuring only 5 millimetres in diameter. These bugs are smart, tough and reproduce quickly. Bed bugs know where to hide to avoid detection, they can live for months between meals, and a healthy female can lay 500 eggs in her lifetime.
Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are small, flat, parasitic insects that feed exclusively on the blood of humans and animals while they sleep. Bed bugs are reddish-brown in color, wingless, between 1 mm and 7 mm in size (about the size of Lincoln’s head on a penny) and can live for several months without feeding on blood. Because bed bug bites are different for each person, some people do not react and do not show bite wounds or other visible signs of a bite. Bed bugs linger in the seams and folds of luggage, travel bags, folded clothing, bedding, furniture and anywhere else they can hide.
Bed bug bites can look like bites from other insects (e.g. mosquitoes or gnats), skin rashes (e.g. eczema or fungal infections) or even hives. Bed bugs can take up residence not only in a bed, but also in cracks and crevices in walls or wood. If you have a bed bug infestation, it is best to catch it early before it takes hold or spreads. Most people are unaware that they are carrying blind bed bugs with them as they travel from place to place, infecting areas.
In some cases, bed bugs can originate from inside electrical panels, picture frames and wallpaper. Although the presence of bed bugs has traditionally been considered a problem in developing countries, it has recently spread rapidly in parts of the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe. Other symptoms of bed bug bites include insomnia, anxiety and skin problems caused by vigorous scratching at the bites. Bed bugs are extremely difficult to catch, so professional help should be sought if an infestation occurs.
However, those who travel frequently and share living and sleeping spaces where other people have previously slept are at a higher risk of being bitten or spreading a bed bug infestation. If you suspect an infestation, contact your landlord or a professional pest control company that knows how to treat bed bugs. In addition, bed bug bites are often difficult to detect and can easily be mistaken for bites from other pests, making infestations difficult to detect and allowing populations to grow unnoticed. Bed bugs have been associated with humans for more than 3,300 years and can be found virtually anywhere people spend time, including homes, hotels, schools, offices, retail shops and even public transport.
Some people cover their new beds with a cover so that the bugs cannot enter the cracks of the mattress and it is easier to keep the surface clean and bug-free.